Haryana has emerged as the largest contributor in terms of overall trade value on the government’s e-NAM (National Agriculture Market) platform.
Agricultural produce trade on the e-NAM platform has been registered at a value of ₹2.04 lakh crore by 18 states and three union territories as of June 30. Haryana received ₹62,757 crores as its share. Rajasthan came in second with ₹38,794 crores while Andhra Pradesh came in third with ₹30,890 crores.
The agricultural produce trade value recorded in Chandigarh was ₹472 crore, the highest among union territories. This was recorded from a single mandi, where 7,106 farmers and 114 dealers were enrolled.
In a written reply in the Lok Sabha on Tuesday, Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar stated that the government is implementing the e-NAM scheme to provide farmers with remunerative prices for their produce through an online competitive bidding system in a transparent way.
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Rajasthan is in the first place
Three reforms are required for States and union territories to implement under their individual State Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) Acts in order to integrate their mandis with the e-NAM platform under the program. They include provisions for e-trading, a centralized levy of market fees, and a unified single trading licence for the state. States that do not have an APMC Act must offer legally enforceable rules and an institutional mechanism for implementing e-NAM, according to him.
Mandis are being examined for integration into the e-NAM platform by the government based on proposals received from compliant states and union territories.
Rajasthan leads the list with 144 mandis out of the total 1,000 mandis integrated with the platform. This was followed by Uttar Pradesh (125 points) and Gujarat (122 points). Maharashtra has integrated the e-NAM platform with 118 mandis.
Uttar Pradesh led the way with 33 lakh farmers registered on the e-NAM platform out of the 1.73 crore registrants. In Madhya Pradesh and Haryana, the number of farmers registered on e-NAM was 30.21 lakh and 27.25 lakh, respectively.
There were 82,359 traders from Rajasthan among the 2.26 lakh traders registered on the platform, followed by 35,029 traders from Uttar Pradesh and 22,337 dealers from Madhya Pradesh.
Farmer Producer Organisations
In response to another query, Tomar stated that 8,716 FPOs (farmer producer organizations) produce clusters have so far been given to implementing agencies for FPO establishment. A total of 3,179 FPOs have been registered.
With a total budgeted commitment of ₹6,865 crores, the government has initiated the central sector initiative for the development and promotion of 10,000 FPOs in 2020. These FPOs will use economies of scale to cut production costs and increase farmer income.
The FPOs are to be formed in production clusters, where agricultural and horticultural produce is grown/cultivated to leverage economies of scale and improve market access for members, according to the concept.
FPOs will be formed and promoted by implementing agencies, which will then engage cluster-based business groups to develop and give professional hand-holding support to FPOs over a five-year term.
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Crop protection insurance
In response to a separate question about crop insurance claims, the Minister stated that the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) is primarily conducted using an ‘area strategy.’ Admissible claims are calculated and paid directly to the insured farmer’s account by insurance companies based on yield data.
The required number of crop cutting experiments (CCEs), per unit area, furnished to the insurance company by the concerned State government, and the claim calculation formula envisioned in the scheme’s operational guidelines, subject to receipt of the State government’s requisite share in premium subsidy.
Losses from localized risks such as hailstorms, landslides, flooding, cloud burst, and natural fire, as well as post-harvest losses from cyclones, cyclonic/unseasonal rainfall, and hailstorms, are estimated on an individual insured farm basis. A joint committee comprised of officials from the state government and the insurance company in question evaluates these claims.